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By DIANE ROSS   Legislative Action

Dems win big: Madigan wins bigger

THE BIG WINNER in the state legislative elections is Mike Madigan: the mastermind behind the Democratic map (the Velvet Hammer turned Mack the Knife); Daddy Warbucks whose money delivered a big majority for the House Democrats and an even bigger plurality for the Chicago Democrats; the next speaker of the Illinois House.

Phil Rock didn't do so bad either. But then he had a hand in the map too. The Democrats expanded their majority in the Senate from one to seven votes. Rock should easily win reelection as president of the Illinois Senate. But he should have won easily two years ago.

Madigan's majority more than avenged the Democrats, who lost the House two years ago after holding it for six. In the new and smaller 118-member House the Democrats had won 68 seats, a 20-vote majority, at press time. (A couple of House races were still undecided by the deadline for this column (November 5) and recounts in some others were possible. Of the 68 Democratic House seats, 45 went to Chicago and the suburbs; 23 downstate.

George Ryan led the Republicans to a five-vote, 91-86 majority in the House in 1980. At press time 1982 only 48 Republicans had managed to swim to the lifeboats after the Democrats blew their ship out of the water. Of the 48 Republican minority House seats, 27 went to the suburbs, 20 to downstate, and one apparently to Chicago.

Thanks to Madigan, his map and his money, the Chicago and suburban Democrats strengthened their position as the most powerful bloc in the new House, moving from 34 to 38 percent of the clout. They are followed by the suburban Republicans with 24 percent, the downstate Democrats with 20 percent and the downstate Republicans with 17 percent. In the new House, if all Democrats and Republicans outside Chicago and the suburbs voted together as a coalition, they would pull only 37 percent to the upstate Democrats' 38 percent.

Evidently, the new single-member House districts didn't shut out blacks and women: blacks went from about 8 to 8.5 percent of the membership, women from 15 to 16 percent. The new map produced one Latino member: Joseph Berrios, a Democrat who ran unopposed in the Chicago 9th.

What happened to the old House? Only 110 incumbents were on the ballot: 22 were unopposed, 60 ran against challengers and 28 were locked into head-to-head battles with each other. All in all, it appears at least 89 will be back (13 won Senate seats).

Of the 28 incumbents running against incumbents, 11 Democrats and three Republicans won. Six were apparent Democratic "upsets" in districts where Republicans seemed to have the advantage according to reapportionment data. They were (at press time) Woody Bowman of Chicago over Dolly Hallstrom of Evanston in the 4th; Bus Yourell over Herb Huskey, both of Oak Lawn, in the suburban 27th; and downstate, Dick Mulcahey of Durand over Nord Swanstrom of Pecatonica (69th), Helen Satterthwaite of Urbana over Virgil Wikoff of Champaign (103rd), Larry Stuffle of Danville over Steve Miller of Catlin (105th) and Dick Brummer over Glen Bower, both of Effingham (107th). The only Republican upset in a "Democratic" district appeared to be Roger McAuliffe over Roman Kosinski in the Chicago 14th.

Of the 60 incumbents running against challengers, only seven lost. Democratic challengers claimed victory over five incumbents: Ozie Hutchins over another Democrat, Art Turner (he lost the primary and ran as a late independent candidate), in the Chicago 17th; and Howard Brookins over another Democrat, Monica Faith Stewart (she lost the primary for a congressional seat and tried as an independent), in the Chicago 36th. Downstate it was Chuck Pangle of Bradley over Republican Ed McBroom of Kankakee (86th); Mike Curran over Irv Smith, both of Springfield (99th); and Bob DeJaegher of Silvis over Republican Ray LaHood of Moline (72nd). Republican challengers claimed victory over only two Democratic incumbents: Mary Lou Cowlishaw over Glenn Schneider, both of Naperville, in the suburban 41st and Carl Hawkinson over Sam McGrew, both of Galesburg, in the downstate 94th. One race remained too close to call at press time: Republican incumbent Clyde Robbins of Fairfield versus Democratic challenger Larry Hicks of Mount Vernon in the downstate 108th.

What does the new House look like? Of the 68 Democrats at press time, 53 are incumbents, 15 new members. Of the 48 Republicans, 36 are incumbents, 12 new members. In addition to the Robbins-Hicks race, the other undecided race featured two newcomers: Democrat Jim Marzuki of Park Forest versus Republican Don Frisco of South Chicago Heights in the suburban 80th.

Here's the story in the Senate: The Democrats have a seven-vote, 33-26 majority; the Chicago Democrats a 22-seat plurality. There are 11 downstate Democrats. (Of the 26 Republicans, 15 are suburban, 11 downstate.)

The blocs in the new Senate hold roughly the same power as those in the new House with one exception. A true downstate coalition everyone outside Chicago and the suburbs in the Senate could hold the 22 upstate Democrats to a stalemate, giving the balance of power to the 15 suburban Republicans.

Blacks moved from five to six seats (Jimmie Taylor didn't run); beside incumbents, Margaret Smith (12, Chicago) and Emil Jones (17, Chicago) both Democratic House incumbents, won Senate seats. Women did even better;

30 | December 1982 | Illinois Issues

four retained their seats, and three House incumbents joined them Democrat Smith, from Chicago and Beverly Fawell (20, Glen Ellyn), and Virginia Macdonald (27, Arlington Heights), both suburban Republicans; and Democrat newcomer Joyce Holmberg.

What happened to the Senate incumbents? Of the 48 on the ballot, 43 won (10 were unopposed). In addition, 22 House incumbents tried for the Senate; 13 won seats (two were unopposed).

Of the nine Senate incumbents who ran against House incumbents, six kept their seats. The only Democratic loser was Jim Gitz, who lost to Harlan Rigney, both of Freeport, in the downstate 35th. The two Republican losers were Dick Walsh of River Forest to Greg Zito of Melrose Park in the suburban 26th, and Randy Thomas of East Moline to Clarence Darrow of Rock Island in the downstate 36th.

In one of the confusing three-way races, Republican Senate incumbent John Nimrod, who lost the primary and then ran as an independent, lost to Republican House incumbent Bob Kustra, both in Glenview, in the 28th.

Of the 28 Senate incumbents who ran against newcomers only one lost: Republican Tim Simms to Democrat Joyce Holmberg, both of Rockford, in the downstate 34th.

Of the eight House incumbents who ran against challengers for the Senate, two Republicans lost: Betty Hoxsey of Ottawa to Patrick Welch of Peru in the downstate 38th and Craig Findley of Virginia to former Rep. Dick Luft of Pekin in the downstate 46th.

In the other three-way Senate race, Republican House incumbent Don Deuster of Mundelein, who also lost the primary and ran as an independent, lost to Republican House incumbent Dave Barkhausen of Waukegan in the suburban 30th.

What does the new Senate look like? Of the 33 Democrats, 24 are incumbents, six are former House members and three are new (Holmberg, Welch and Luft). Of the 26 Republicans, 19 are incumbents, seven are incumbent House members. Now if Madigan and Rock only knew who'll be governor . . . and mayor.

December 1982 | Illinois Issues | 31

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